Austria is a wine country, this is actually not interesting information, but has been known for a long time. There are also exciting and interesting facts about the wine-growing regions, winegrowers in Austria and wine from Austria.
Wine from Austria – viticulture and Heurigen
Viticulture around Vienna experienced a strong upswing in the Middle Ages. At the time of the rule of the Babenbergs, the 3rd and 4th district of Vienna largely consisted of vineyards. Vines were even found behind the city walls and around the Vienna Minorite Church.
The Viennese Heuriger culture emerged from the circular decree from 1784. Emperor Joseph II is therefore considered the father of the Heurigen.
Winegrowing and wine taverns are still very pronounced around Vienna today. The wine route Lower Austria is one of the longest “wine routes” in the world with 830 kilometers. The wine route leads through the eight wine-growing regions in Lower Austria.
Winery – wineries and vineyards
Klosterneuburg Abbey is the oldest winery in Austria. As early as 1114, wine was produced around the abbey building by the Augustinian canons. The wine cellar extends over four floors at a depth of 36 meters.
The largest wine town in Austria is Langenlois with around 2,200 hectares of vineyards. The smallest vineyard in the city of Vienna is in front of the house at Schwarzenbergplatz 2. The vineyard managed by the Mayer winery on Pfarrplatz has almost 10 square meters and brings about 50 to 60 bottles of wine in good years.
Grape Varieties – Wine Types – Wine from Austria
The Grüner Veltliner is still at the top of the Austrian grape varieties. The grapevines of this grape variety stand on 14,376 hectares or thus account for 47 percent of the total white wine area.
The “Zweigelt” grape is known worldwide, but owes its name to the botanist Professor Friedrich Zweigelt. His crossing of the St. Laurent and Blaufränkisch grape varieties brought about the new breeding of the Blauer Zweigelt (Rotburger).